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'''Henricus''', vulgo ''Henry'' '''Wharton''' (natus apud [[Worstead]] [[Norfolcia]]e die [[9 Novembris]] [[1664]]; mortuus [[Londinium|Londinii]] die [[5 Marti]] [[1695]]) fuit rerum gestarum ecclesiae Christianae in [[Anglia]] scriptor. Alumnus [[Collegium Gunvilli et Caii (Cantabrigia)|collegii Gunvilli et Caii]] apud [[Universitas Cantabrigiensis|Cantabrigienses]], fuit a principio amanuensis historici [[Gulielmus Cave|Gulielmi Cave]], sed ab anno fere 1688 capellanus archiepiscopi [[Gulielmus Sancroft|Gulielmi Sancroft]]. Maximum eius opus fuit ''[[Anglia sacra]]'', [[Latine]] in duobus tomis ordinata, in quo historias dioecesanas Angliae vitasque episcoporum partim a textibus antiquis edidit, partim e novo scripsit. In [[bibliotheca archiepiscopalis Lambethensis|bibliotheca Lambethensi]] reperiuntur volumina sedecim schedarum Henrici Wharton manu scriptarum.
'''Henry Wharton''' (9 November 1664 – 5 March 1695) was an [[England|English]] writer and librarian.
==Life Opera ==
* ''[[Anglia sacra]]''
* ''A treatise of the celibacy of the clergy'' (1688)
* ''A defence of pluralities'' (1692; nova ed. 1703)
== Bibliographia ==
He was descended from Thomas, 2nd [[Baron Wharton]] (1520–1572), being a son of the Rev. Edmund Wharton, vicar of [[Worstead]], [[Norfolk]]. Born at Worstead, Wharton was educated by his father, and then at [[Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge]].<ref>{{Venn|id=WHRN679H|name=Wharton, Henry}}</ref> Both his industry and his talents were exceptional, and his university career was brilliant. In 1686 he entered the service of the ecclesiastical historian, the Rev. [[William Cave]] (1637–1713), whom he helped in his literary work; but considering that his assistance was not sufficiently appreciated he soon forsook this employment.
* "[http://venn.lib.cam.ac.uk/cgi-bin/search.pl?sur=&suro=c&fir=&firo=c&cit=&cito=c&c=all&tex=WHRN679H&sye=&eye=&col=all&maxcount=50 Henry Wharton]" in {{Venn}}
* George D'Oyly, ''Life of William Sancroft'' (1821)
In 1687 he was ordained deacon, and in 1688 he made the acquaintance of the [[archbishop of Canterbury]], [[William Sancroft]], under whose generous patronage some of his literary work was done. The archbishop, who had a very high opinion of Wharton's character and talents, made him one of his [[chaplain]]s, and presented him to the Kentish living of Sundridge, and afterwards to that of Chartham in the same county.
In 1689 he took the oath of allegiance to [[William and Mary]], but he wrote a severe criticism of [[Gilbert Burnet|bishop Burnet]]'s ''History of the Reformation'', and it was partly owing to the bishop's hostility that he did not obtain further preferment in the English church. He died on the 5th of March 1695, and was buried in [[Westminster Abbey]].
Wharton's major work is his ''Anglia sacra'', a collection of the lives of English archbishops and bishops, which was published in two volumes in 1691. Some of these were written by Wharton himself; others were borrowed from early writers. His other writings include, in addition to his criticism of the ''History of the Reformation'', ''A treatise of the celibacy of the clergy'' (1688); The enthusiasm of the [[Roman Catholic Church|Church of Rome]] demonstrated in some observations upon the life of [[Ignatius Loyola]] (1688) ; and ''A defence of pluralities'' (1692, new ed. 1703).
In the Lambeth Library there are sixteen volumes of Wharton's manuscripts. Describing him as "this wonderful man," [[William Stubbs]] says that Wharton did for the elucidation of English Church history "more than any one before or since." A life of Wharton is included in [[George D'Oyly]]'s ''Life of W. Sancroft'' (1821).
[[Category:1664 births]]
[[Category:1695 deaths]]
[[Category:English religious writers]]
[[Category:Alumni of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge]]
{{DEFAULTSORT:Wharton, Henricus}}
[[Categoria:Nati 1664]]
[[Categoria:Mortui 1695]]
[[Categoria:Historici Britanniae]]
[[Categoria:Scriptores Angliae]]
[[Categoria:Auctores Latini recentiores]]
[[Categoria:Auctores Anglici]]
[[Categoria:Alumni Universitatis Cantabrigiensis]]
[[en:Henry Wharton]]
[[es:Henry Wharton]]