Quantum redactiones paginae "Genocidium" differant

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'''Generis occidiooccisio''' est systematica considerataque populi, gentis, religionis, vel civitatis exstinctio.<!--
 
Precise [[genocide definitions|definition varies among genocide scholars]]. A [[legal]] definition is found in the 1948 [[United Nations]] [[Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide]]. Article 2, of this convention defines genocide as "any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a [[nation]]al, [[ethnicity|ethnical]], [[Race (classification of human beings)|racial]] or [[religion|religious]] group, as such: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life, calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; [and] forcibly transferring children of the group to another group."<ref>Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. ''Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.'' http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/p_genoci.htm.</ref>-->
 
== Excogitatio termini ==
Terminus [[Lingua Anglica|Anglicus]] ''genocide'' anno [[1943]] excogitatus est aba [[Raphael Lemkin|Raphaele Lemkin]] (1900–1959), viro [[Polonia|PolonicoPolono]] [[Iudaea|IudaeoqueIudaeo]]que legibus docto, ex verbo [[GraeciaLingua Graeca|Graeco]] ''génos'' (idem e quo [[Latine]] ''[[genus]]'') et radice [[Latina]] ''-cid-'' ex ''occidere.'' (vicissim e ''caedere''), sicut exemplo verbi ''homicidium'' (''hominem occidere'').
 
In ''Noah'' ([[1933]]), Lemkin scripsit commentarium "''Crime of Barbarity''" ("Maleficium''Crimen Barbaritatis"crudelitatis''), qui generis occidionem depinxit maleficium contra ius inter civitates. Haec maleficii notio, quae non ita multo post facta est notio generis occidionis, orta est in historia [[AssyrianiAssyrii|AssyrianorumAssyriorum]] trucidatorum in [[Caedes apud Simele|Caedecaede apud Simele]] in [[Iraquia]] die [[11 Augusti]] [[1933]]. In animo Lemkin, hic casus "memorias [[Caedes Armeniana|Caediscaedis Armenianae]]" per [[Bellum Orbis Terrarum I]] evocavit.
Ad Consilium Legitimum [[Societas Civitatum|Societatis Civitatum]] [[Matritum|Matriti]] eodem anno primam rogationem ut tales "actus barbarismi[[saevitia]]e" interdicantur obtulit, sed aba gubernatione [[Polonia|PoloniensiPolonica]] (tunc [[Germania]]m [[Nazi]]stam placantiplacante) condemnata, rogatio defecit.<ref name="Euro">[http://www.europaworld.org/issue40/raphaellemkin22601.htm Raphael Lemkin] - EuropeWorld, 22/6/2001.</ref>
 
== Vide etiam ==
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