Aperire sectionem principem

Invertebrata (Lamarck, 1793) sunt animalia spina vertebrali carentia. Contraria sunt vertebrata (pisces, amphibia, sauropsida, mammalia). Classificatio Linnaeana duas classes comprehendit, quae sunt insecta et vermes. Hodie viginti phyla constituunt, quae 97 centesimas omnium animalium esse computantur.

PinacothecaRecensere

NotaeRecensere

BibliographiaRecensere

  • Hyman, L. H. 1940. The Invertebrates (6 volumes) New York : McGraw-Hill. A classic work.
  • Anderson, D. T. (Ed.). (2001). Invertebrate zoology (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Brusca, R. C., & Brusca, G. J. (2003). Invertebrates (2nd ed.). Sunderland, Mass. : Sinauer Associates.
  • Miller, S.A., & Harley, J.P. (1996). Zoology (4th ed.). Boston: WCB/McGraw-Hill.
  • Pechenik, Jan A. (2005). Biology of the invertebrates. Boston: McGraw-Hill, Higher Education. pp. 590 pp. ISBN 0-07-234899-2 
  • Ruppert, E. E., Fox, R. S., & Barnes, R. D. (2004). Invertebrate zoology: a functional evolutionary approach. Belmont, CA: Thomas-Brooks/Cole.
  • Adiyodi, K.G. & Adyiodi, R.G. (Eds) 1983- . Reproductive Biology of Invertebrates. Wiley, New York. (Many volumes.)
  • Giese, A.G. & Pearse, J.S. (Eds) 1974- . Reproduction of Marine Invertebrates. Academic Press, New York. (Many volumes.)
  • Advances in Invertebrate Reproduction. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam. (Five volumes.)